Italy – Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino and Vatican City. Italian peninsula located in Southern Europe, while North Italy can be placed partly or totally in Central Europe
Population – With 61 million inhabitants, it is the 4th most populous EU member state
Capital – Roma
Administrative centre – Milan. The richest region, Lombardy.
Language – Italian
Currency – Euro ( EUR)
Italy has the third largest economy in the Eurozone and the eighth largest economy in the world. It has a very high level of human development and enjoys the highest life expectancy in the EU. Italy plays a prominent role in regional and global military, cultural and diplomatic affairs.
Italy is regarded as one of the world’s most industrialised nations and a leading country in world trade and exports. The country is well known for its creative and innovative business, a large and competitive agricultural sector . Italy is the world’s largest wine producer , and for its influential and high-quality automobile, machinery, food, design and fashion industry.
Roman Catholicism is, by far, the largest religion in the country, although Catholicism is no longer officially the state religion.
The Holy See, the episcopal jurisdiction of Rome, contains the central government of the entire Roman Catholic Church, including various agencies essential to administration. Diplomatically, it is recognised by other subjects of international law as a sovereign entity, headed by the Pope, who is also the Bishop of Rome, with which diplomatic relations can be maintained
As a reflection of its vast cultural wealth, Italy is home to 51 World Heritage Sites, the most in the world, and is one of the most visited countries. Italy has rich collections of art, culture and literature from many different periods. The country has had a broad cultural influence worldwide, also because numerous Italians emigrated to other places during the Italian diaspora. Furthermore, the nation has, overall, an estimated 100,000 monuments of any sort (museums, palaces, buildings, statues, churches, art galleries, villas, fountains, historic houses and archaeological remains).
Italy is also prominent in the field of design, notably interior design, architectural design, industrial design and urban design. Today, Milan and Turin are the nation’s leaders in architectural design and industrial design. The city of Milan hosts Fiera Milano, Europe’s largest design fair.
Italian fashion has a long tradition, and is regarded as one most important in the world. Milan, Florence and Rome are Italy’s main fashion capitals. Major Italian fashion labels, such as Gucci,Armani, Prada, Versace, Valentino, Dolce & Gabbana, Missoni, Fendi, Moschino, Max Mara, Trussardi, and Ferragamo, to name a few, are regarded as among the finest fashion houses in the world.