Russia – is a sovereign state in northern Eurasia.
Population – Russia is the world’s ninth most populous country with over 144 million people at the end of 2015.
Capital – Moscow
Currency – Russian ruble ( RUB)
Visa – Unless exempt, tourists to Russia are required to purchase a visa, in addition to having a valid passport. Visas cannot be purchased at the border, and once at the border, travellers must present other relevant documents.
Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth’s inhabited land area. Extending across the entirety of northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms.
The Russian economy ranks as the tenth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015.
In Russia, services are the biggest sector of the economy and account for 58% of GDP. Within services the most important segments are: wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods; public administration, health and education; real estate and transport storage and communications . Industry contributes 40% to total output. Mining, manufacturing and construction are the most important industry segments.
The economic development of the country has been uneven geographically with the Moscow region contributing a very large share of the country’s GDP. Inequality of household income and wealth has also been noted, with Credit Suisse finding Russian wealth distribution so much more extreme than other countries studied it “deserves to be placed in a separate category
Rich cultural heritage and great natural variety place Russia among the most popular tourist destinations in the world. The country contains 23 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, while many more are on UNESCO’s tentative lists. The most popular tourist destinations in Russia are Saint Petersburg and Moscow, the current and the former capitals of the country and great cultural centers, recognized as World Cities.
The enormous size of Russia and the remoteness of many areas from the sea result in the dominance of the humid continental climate, which is prevalent in all parts of the country except for the tundra and the extreme southeast.Mountains in the south obstruct the flow of warm air masses from the Indian Ocean, while the plain of the west and north makes the country open to Arctic and Atlantic influences.Most of Northern European Russia and Siberia has a subarctic climate.